Money Flows Like Water

Money is an uncountable noun. The best thing you can do is count units of money. And every nation has a different name for those units and they are valued relatively to a particular unit’s buying power at home and it’s buying power after conversion somewhere else. And this value is always changing. In other words, we all have a pretty good idea (at least we think we have a pretty good idea) of what money does, but the fact remains that money is completely relative to a extraordinarily complex set of factors, among those including political and economic ones. In a simple sense, diamonds are only valuable because they are rare, and gold (which used to be used as money) was like that as well. But now hardly anyone knows what exactly is determining the value of money- even the economists don’t know.

So how then is money like water? Because most of us have a very simplistic and narrow view of money, and in general, the more you have, the better. But money, like water, always has to go somewhere, doesn’t it? You can, I suppose, accumulate it and keep it, like a water reservoir, in a big bank account for future use. But water evaporates into thin air and so does money (through inflation or economic voodoo spells), so you either must then invest it and make money off your money (which is always risky in one way or another) or spend it ahead of inflation. In any case, if you’re not in the business of making more and more money, (if you’re on a fixed income) money can become a very difficult paradigm to figure out.

I don’t have to worry about that at the moment, though I do find that position enviable (well, a more or less fixed income- I’d like to deal in goods rather than work for cash). But right now my bankbook reads like a riverbed in an extreme environment of a monthly flash floods, immediately followed by a month long drought. Money flows in, I pay all the bills, and there’s nothing left to save. So the nation of me is very water poor.

Forex Price Movement – The Best Mathematical Formula For Profit

There are many theories that say that as human nature repeats, there is a law for market movement and if you know the law you can apply a mathematical theory and make money but which is the best? Let’s find out…

Popular theories are – the Fibonacci number sequence, Elliot Wave and Gann’s price and time. There are many others but the fact is none of them are scientific or mathematical.

The definition of a scientific law is that it works ALL of the time!

None of the above work all of the time and that means there not mathematical.

In fact there is no hidden law to market movement because you are dealing with probabilities not certainties.

Just like a good poker player, makes money trading high odds hands, the aim of the successful forex trader is to trade high odds trades.

People think that the appliance of mathematics can beat the market but if the market doesn’t obey any law then it’s doomed to failure and this leads to a simple fact about Forex trading which can lead you to success.

50 years ago – 95% of traders lost and the ratio of traders who lose today remains about the same.

This simple fact leads to a compelling conclusion.

If you think about it all the advances in news, forecasting and mathematical theories have not increased the number of winners and this means you need to – Keep it simple and success is dependant on something else!

Simplicity and Discipline the Keys to Success

Simple systems always work best in an odds based market as they have fewer elements to break than a complicated one.

Once you understand this you need to trade with discipline trading high odds trades and keeping losses small. You are as we said earlier trading the odds like a good poker player and its no wonder that some of the top traders in the world – were you guessed it, successful poker players!

Most traders like to think they can beat the market and avoid losses and see technology as the answer but as we have just proved it’s not the answer.

If you want to win at forex, think like a poker player rather than a mathematician and you will have a lot more success, as you will be trading the odds and that’s the way to win.

Refund of Service Tax Issues & Challenges

Service Tax, as the name suggests is a tax leviable on all duties. It is a tax levied on the transactions of the facility specified by the Central Government under the finance Act, 1994. It is an indirect tax (akin to Excise duty or Sales tax), which means the service provider pays the tax and recovers the amount from the recipient of the taxable work.

Service Tax is generally recovered by Assessee in two ways:

By utilizing the same as in the form of Cenvat Credit, or

By Claiming the Refund.

Any Assessee can utilize the amount of duty paid by him in excess by adjusting the same with the duty amount paid in subsequent period. Refund of tax can be claimed by Assessee where self- adjustment of Service Tax is not feasible.

Refund of Service Tax generally happens in case of export oriented companies (STPI, SEZ, EOU units) which export their final product/duty, as no tax is levied by Government to promote the export. Such companies disburse excise on the input/output assistance procured by them but are not able to utilize the Cenvat Credit because no due is received by them on export of their services. As a result, such companies have to opt the procedure of claiming refund for unutilized cenvat (tax) credit.

The Export Oriented Units, especially the STPI units have been facing many hurdles and difficulties while claiming the service tax refunds. There had been inordinate delays towards the scrutiny of refund applications coupled with rejections of the claimed amounts due to various reasons by the designated authorities, primary reasons being:

Time Limitation for the refund claim of duties.
Relevant date for the calculation of limitation period in respect of filing the refund claim.
Implication of the Principle of Doctrine of Unjust Enrichment.
Submission of separate Foreign Exchange Remittance Certificate (FIRC) in case of segregated export of goods & utilities.
Submission of Original documents such as Invoice, BL, SB, BRC etc.

The Central Board of Excise & Customs is seized of this matter and has been regularly clarifying on this issue through various clarifications/Notifications covering many procedural issues with respect to refund of service tax paid. It has settled many issues like the time within which the refund claim shall be filed, acceptance of certified photocopies as a valid document, submission of self-certified statement along with FIRCs etc.

Despite various initiatives taken by the department, there has been a huge pendency of tax refunds primarily because of the incomplete documentation by the claimants, tedious process of physical verification of documents submitted to the department and the difference of perception between the claimant and the department regarding the admissibility of input services eligible for refund.

There are many specialized Service Tax Consultant in Delhi, NCR that helps companies in sorting out the problems they face related to tax. But it is always advisable to do some serious research before contacting a STPI Consultant in Delhi.

Tips On How To Start An Investment Club

Investment club is formed by a group of people who pool their money for joint investments. If you are a new to investing in stock market and have limited funds, starting an investment club is a great way to learn from other investors and get hands on experience in investing.

Here are some tips to starting an investment club.

1. Make sure all members understand the risks of investing. Many people who invest think they are going to be very successful, and are not prepared to lose all of their money. Unfortunately, there are no guarantees when it comes to the stock market. No one should invest money they are not willing to lose.

2. Find the right people who share the same investment objectives and goals. It is easier to get along with right minded people and learn from each other.

3. Make sure all club members agree to the partnership agreement and any other rules.

4. Join the National Association of Investors Corporation (NAIC) that provides support, information and tools on starting an investment club and investing, and publishes a monthly investor-learning magazine.

5. All members must agree to make a monthly contribution. The typical range of contribution is $20 to $100 a month. Members who contribute more than the required contribution are allowed greater share of profits.

6. Decide on how to meet and the frequency of meetings. For the initial setting up of the club, it may be best for everyone to meet in person. If all meetings are held online, it may be good to meet in person once or twice a year for social interaction. To keep up to date, it is recommended to meet 1-2 times a month.

7. Start with a small number of people. It is easier to come to an agreement when there are fewer members. When the club is established and all formal procedures are in place, new members can be invited to join.

8. Education is the main goal of an investment club. An investment club made up of educated investors will be more successful and cohesive than an investment club which is solely focused on making a profit.

9. Every investment club must have a well-defined investment style or investment philosophy. There must be clear selection criteria such as what type of stocks to invest, the acceptable risk tolerance level and rate of return. All club members should be aware of and agree to the investment style of the club.

Starting and running an investment club is an invaluable learning experience, where you can leverage on the expertise and knowledge of other investors. Investment clubs facilitate the exchange of ideas and collective decisions that are likely to produce sustainable returns.

Claims Payment Record Of The Private Insurance Companies

As we know, there are 20 odd private life insurance companies in India, and there is LIC which is a public sector company. LIC is the 800 pound gorilla, managing to hold on to about 75% market share even 10 years after private companies have been allowed into the life insurance space. The private life insurance companies position themselves on being more customer friendly, wider array of products etc while LIC holds on to its positioning of trust, experience and government backing. One of the key parameters on which to judge a life insurance company is their claims payment record. At the same time, we must note that given that life insurance has become more of a savings and investment product, the returns that they provide are perhaps more important than claims payout ratios. Nevertheless, claims record is definitely not a variable to be ignored.

A table illustrating the claims rejection percentages of the top life insurance companies in 2009-10 is presented below:

Life Insurance Company
Claims rejection ratio (%)

LIC 1.21%
Aviva 9.75%
Bajaj Allianz 5.2%
Birla SunLife 10.62%
HDFC Life 4.67%
ICICI Prudential 3.27%
ING Vysya 4.26%
Kotak Mahindra 4.29%
Max New York Life 12.31%
MetLife 5.94%
Reliance Life 7.05%
SBI Life 14.75%
Tata AIG 12.3%

An important observation from the above table is that the claims rejection ratio of LIC is the lowest, thus implying that their record is the best as far as claims payment is concerned. At the same time, the very high percentage of claims rejection of SBI Life and Max New York Life surely comes in as a surprise.

It must however be noted once again that in Unit Linked products that life insurance companies promote aggressively (or at least was promoting till Sep 2010) , the returns earned on the fund is perhaps a more important variable than the claims payment (or rejection) ratio. However, for non life insurance companies, which offer pure protection/insurance products with no savings or investment component, claims payment is the crucial variable along with the speed of processing of claims.

Let us now look at the incurred claims ratios of the non life insurance companies:

Non Life Insurance Company
Incurred claims ratio

New India Assurance 89%
Oriental Insurance 99.69%
United India Insurance 78.62%
National Insurance 99.16%
Royal Sundaram 68.95%
Reliance General Insurance 77.3%
Iffco Tokio Insurance 83.44%
Tata AIG 60.54%
ICICI Lombard 85.35%
Bajaj Allianz 71.9%
HDFC Ergo 80.73%
Bharti Axa 104%%

One data point that stands out from above is that Tata AIG General Insurance seems to be sourcing the best quality business from the underwriting point of view, whereas the claims payment ratio of Bharti Axa seems to be quite high. Alo,the claims payment ratio of the public insurers, at an overall level, is higher than that of the private non life insurers.

The 12 UK Land Investment Guidelines

Following these guidelines will help you proceed wisely with investing in UK land:

1) Is the investment land in a region with high demand for housing?

The property should be in area that is viable and not at risk of future decline. Review statistics and trends about violent crime, school performance, industry loss or retention, and poverty, as these factors are crucial to determining housing demand. Find out what the city’s position is on funding for, and commitment to improving any of the aforementioned housing demand indicators.

2) Has a full sustainability study been carried out on the land investment site?

The land investment site must be evaluated to see what impact land development would have on the environment and natural resources. Any disturbance or potential harm to archeological sites, protected species, or conservation areas should be noted. Inspect the land’s topography for any sloping or flooding potential. Assess the effect that your potential investment might have on the present character of the land and buildings. Consider if a new development would “fit in” with the existing developments’ character?

3) Does the land investment site have road access? Is there an existing transport infrastructure?

Inquire about any plans for modification of roads that may affect the property in question. If there are such plans, are they already funded and scheduled or are they still in the planning stages? Research factors that affect the importance of access, such as the number of people who commute to work as opposed to working locally.

4) Does the area where the investment land lies have sufficient amenities to support residents of a new development?

Evaluate the quality and enrollment capacity of local schools availability of recreational facilities. Consider not only the quantity and variety of shops, but ask about longevity versus or high turnover of those businesses. Look into the ease of accessing both inpatient and outpatient medical care. Ask about immediate or future plans for addition or removal of any of the above amenities.

5) Does the company with whom you are investing have a successful record of accomplishment with UK Land Investments?

Ask for referrals from current and previous clients and actually contact them. Search public records, industry journals, and periodicals to be apprised of the company’s reputation, stability, and expertise with investing in UK Land.

6) Does the company contractually retain a holding in the land investment site?

Investigating matters such as this may seem to be obvious and unnecessary but will save you time and money in the long- run

7) Does the company contractually commit funds to the planning application for the land investment site?

Be sure that commitment of funds to the planning application for your potential investment in UK land is specified in the contract.

About Forex Trade An Introduction To Forex Market

Forex is an abbreviation of Foreign Currency Exchange. People call it fx or 4x as well. Forex market is all about selling and buying of currencies worldwide. It is getting more and more attention globally with the trading volume of about $70 billion when it is first established up to a whopping $4 trillion today. Let us have a look into more about forex trade.

Forex currency market is setup when the fixed currency exchanges are abolished in early 1970s. Since then the trading volume is getting higher and higher every year together with the invention of more advance technology. The trading volume grows exponentially when the introduction of Internet hits global level with more and more retail forex brokers open for forex traders to trade forex market.

The trading of forex happens globally hence there is no centralized location to keep track of all the trading volumes at one particular place. The major trading centers are located at Tokyo, Sydney, Hong Kong, Frankfurt, London and New York. Therefore when you look at the forex market hours you will see mainly those few locations opening and closing hours provided by most of the sites.

Forex is traded in pairs where the strengthening and weakening of the currency is affected by the employment change, home sales, retail sales, interest rates and other important financial attributes. It used to be only the people with certain huge amount of money that can participate in forex trading. The rule changed and we can a lot of forex traders trading to make a fortune out of forex market.

What are currency pairs available for trading? The most liquid currency pairs that most forex traders trade are the currency with US Dollar as base or quote currency. For instance, USDJPY the US Dollar against the Japanese Yen and EURUSD the Euro against the US Dollar. EURUSD is currently the most traded pairs internationally with the smallest spread among all other currency pairs. The spread being the difference between the bid and ask price. Forex brokers earn from the spread instead of commission.

There are more to learn about forex trade as there are many terms use in the world of forex market. It is the right time for you to explore the forex market with endless opportunities to get involve in this huge financial market. You can share a piece of the pie if you really know how to trade currency pairs according to the factors that affect the market.

Importance Of Shipping Insurance

Insurance for health, home, and life insurance are frequently heard of but shipping insurance is new type of protection for the items you are shipping. Regardless of whether the items to be shipped are cheap or valuable, protecting them in the transit is important. Though shipping companies are reliable and try to protect the goods, the conditions are not always predictable. There are chances that your shipped items could be damaged or lost, thus, it is wise to choose the right cover and opt for .
Shipping insurance covers insurance parcel coverage for shipments of all shapes and sizes for both domestic and international shipments. When you purchase single package insurance youll be assigned a unique ID for your package that will let you be sure your package gets their safely. Insurance is provided for the full value of your package to protect against everything from damage to theft to the package being lost in shipment. Insurance companies offer various solutions to help your business with shipping insurance for businesses shipping large or small volumes on a daily basis. The shipping insurance will insure each item in your shipments so youll be protected against lost or damage items. These shipping insurance services are offered on both domestic and international cargo shipments.
Given below are tips to help you select the right cover for your shipping items:
1.Diverse shipping covers have varied forms of rules and regulations. Shipping companies offer insurance cover on various types of items. You need to know what is included in loss or damage policy. You must know the time frame in which you can file a claim.
2.You should never assume that automatic shipping cover is enough as at times shipping companies will add a small charge to the total shipping costs, which provides cover for the item but it is not safe option if you’re shipping a high-value item.
3.You should have a solid proof of an item’s value that is insured. Because while filing insurance claim, you are required to furnish the documentation. Receipts are provided for most of the items however you need to have other documentation for other items, including photographs and certificates of authenticity.
4.It would be wasteful investment if you buy too little cover, to avoid such a situation it is good to determine the exact values of the item that you are shipping.
5.Don’t overpay for cover in case the cost of insuring a shipped item is equal to the value of the item itself it would prove to be wasteful investment again.
At InsureShip you will find very attractive rates on single package shipping insurance and custom policies to meet your needs. InsureShip provides insurance services for many companies in different industries like Ecommerce, direct response, retailers, ebay sellers, etc.

Credit Card Debt Consolidation Your Tool To Simplify The Dues

A credit card debt consolidation solution can be a loan, a loan reduction program, or a combination of both. Solutions to consolidate and reduce debt aim to ebb your card dues pressure aroused by careless usage of plastic money or excessive dependency on these cards. Therefore, besides diminishing payable amount due, companies that aid you in consolidating card dues also help with techniques for diminishing dependency on using plastic money. There are chances that you would have deteriorated your credit standing because of late payments. Relax, these companies offer card debt consolidation help in such a way that repairs your credit rating too.

Consolidating Card Related Dues: An Overview
If you are in need to simplify your loans, create a workable budget to minimize usage of plastic money, a loan to pay off the creditors or assistance to negotiate with the creditors a credit card debt consolidation solution is the answer. Besides its main purpose of consolidating debts of multiple credit cards, you can receive a variety of other services. Various types of services that you can expect from such companies are for consolidating card dues and loans are:

-Credit Counseling: Credit counseling services are designed to offer you a tailor made and unique solution. This customized solution is provided based on your financial status, which include total accumulated debt amount, analysis of monthly expenditure and income structure etc.

-Budget Planning: As you start making irregular and late payments, you start generating steady growth of overdue payments and subsequent late payment fee and heavy penalties. In such situations, you need to work out a budget as per your income and expense ratio to mitigate existing burden as well as mitigate risk of debt creation in future. Debt consolidation companies offer budget creation services based on their understanding and assessment of your financial standing.

-Debt Consolidation Loan: If you are currently financially incapable of clearing card payments at one go, ask for a loan for consolidating credit card debt. Credit counselors may suggest their own devised loans or may refer loans designed by third party lending organizations. As these loans are as per to your overall financial structure, therefore, the interest rate and other terms would be convenient and affordable.

-Debt Negotiation: Instead of taking loans, you may use debt negotiation services to fix a lower payable amount. Staff members of these consolidation companies are familiar with the credit organizations and their functioning. So, let these professionals negotiate a lowest possible payable amount on your behalf.

Whether a loan or a just a debt management program, carry out extensive research on these companies and their services before using their credit card debt consolidation solutions.

Tax refunds made simple

The daunting three letter word, tax, can evoke a wide range of emotions. However, it doesnt have to, as the grass may well be greener on the other side.

The confusion around tax refunds is a common occurrence.

A tax refund is a repayment of PAYE tax that you have overpaid during the tax year. Statistics show that 1 in every 3 people in the UK is due a tax refund.

If you have lived and worked in the UK, you may be due for a tax refund, as a result of certain circumstances.

What are these circumstances?
Youve only worked for part of a tax year
Youve worked for more than 1 employer in a tax year
Youve had 2 or more jobs concurrently
Youve been taxed on a basic rate tax code
Youve paid emergency tax in the last 5 years
Youve left the UK before the end of the tax year (6 April-5 April the following year)
Youve been on an incorrect tax code at any point in the last 5 yearsIf you feel that youve been in any one or more of the above situations, then you have a very good chance of receiving a tax refund.

At this point, you may feel that going through all the hassle is not worth the refund, but its more than worth it. You can receive an average of 850 back possibly more if you havent claimed back at all in the last 5 years.

How to claim back tax through an agency?

You will need to complete the online tax refund form, provide the firm with your employment history details, as well as, original P45 and P60 documents. If you have lost these documents (or you dont have the original documents) you can use a Statement of Earnings – or an agency will assist you in obtaining the correct documents.

Thereafter, the process will be moved forward, you will be kept up to date about your tax refund status, and be will notified about any activity.

The greatest pleasure that comes with using an agency is that you can then leave the work to the agency and receive your money after 6 12 weeks.

Most agencies provide you with an online tax refund calculator. This gives you an estimate of your tax refund, based on the information you enter into the calculator.

Dont let the perceived hassle of claiming tax back stop you from getting what is due to you.